Latin

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Japanese

Australian connections with Japan intensified in the first decades of the twentieth century, when teaching of the Japanese language was first introduced to the University of Sydney and Fort Street High School. The National Library of Australia (NLA), the National Archives of Australia (NAA) and the Australian War Memorial have extensive holdings of Japanese sources …

Italian

Italian speakers settled in both rural and urban areas of Australia from the nineteenth century onwards. Examples of Italian language materials in Australian holdings include the Australian War Memorial’s (AWM) extensive collection of primarily handwritten newspapers produced by Italians in Australia during the Second World War. The National Library of Australia (NAA) and the Public …

Indonesian

Scholar Paul Thomas has rightly identified Indonesian as ‘Australia’s first Asian Language’. Sources on Australia from Indonesia go back to its colonial period, when it was called was called the Netherlands East Indies. The State Library of New South Wales (SLNSW) holds many sources in Indonesian such as the newspaper Penjoeloeh, which was published in …

Greek, Modern (1453-)

The State Library of NSW holds an extensive collection of personal letters, religious items, and photographs of Greeks between the early to mid-1800s to the late 1900s. The Migration Museum in Melbourne and other Victorian archives hold similarly rich collections, as do community centres across Australia. Such collections reveal how Greek-speakers established themselves in Australia …

German

Examples of German-language materials include those held at the University of Sydney Library Rare and Special Books Collection, such as the Marjorie Jacobs Collection, which contains materials relating to German colonies in the Pacific. The University of Sydney’s Macleay Museum also has relevant holdings in German. The National Library of Australia (NLA) has collected many …

French

France was a competing power with Britain for colonial control in the Pacific, and French explorers left detailed records of Australia at the time of white settlement. French-speakers were included in the colonies that made up Australia from their beginning. The State Library of New South Wales (SLNSW) has extensive French-language collections of newspapers, diaries, …