National boundaries

When the colonies came together in 1901, the states had already established strategic and economic claims throughout the Pacific and Indian Ocean regions. Australia’s maritime and land boundaries had to be negotiated before and after Federation through interaction with independent states as well as French, Dutch and German colonies. The immigration acts that made up the White Australia policy were part of an internal attempt to define those national boundaries. These attempts to legislate ‘racial’ boundaries for Australia began in 1855, and continued into the middle of the twentieth century, when the first blows were struck against exclusionary policies that included policing based on a language test. Materials in Chinese and Japanese, French, German and Dutch give inside and outside views of how Australia sought to be identified and was recognised in the region and globally.

From the archive Filter this collection

Settlement
Japanese
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
French
State Library of South Australia
National boundaries
Japanese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Chinese
Powerhouse Museum
Settlement
French
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
English, French, Tahitian
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
National boundaries
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German, English
National Archives of Australia
National boundaries
German
State Library of South Australia
National boundaries
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, Norwegian
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Dutch, English
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
National boundaries
Japanese
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
Japanese
National Library of Australia
World War I
Japanese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Chinese, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
French
State Library of Victoria
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
German, English
State Library of Western Australia
National boundaries
Russian, English
State Library of Queensland
National boundaries
German, Spanish, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, German
State Library of Queensland
National boundaries
English, German, French
National Archives of Australia, Melbourne
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Italian, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Italian
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
Tasmanian Archives
National boundaries
Italian, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
Chinese
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
Italian, German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Spanish, English, French, German
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German, English
Tasmanian Archives
National boundaries
French
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Dutch
National Archives of Australia
National boundaries
Spanish, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French, Spanish, English
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
English, Chinese
National Archives of Australia, Brisbane
Settlement
English, Spanish
The University of Sydney
Settlement
English, Spanish
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German
State Records of South Australia
National boundaries
German
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
National boundaries
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
 
Kolonialbibliothek Universitätsbibliothek
National boundaries
German
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Italian
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
German
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Latvian, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
German, English
The University of Melbourne
National boundaries
French
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
Malay, Indonesian
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Western Australia
National boundaries
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German, English
State Library of Victoria
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
Japanese
Northern Territory Library
National boundaries
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Portuguese, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German, English
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of South Australia
National boundaries
French, English
Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg, Frankfurt am Main, State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German
Museums Victoria Collections
National boundaries
German
National Museum of Australia
National boundaries
German
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
Dutch, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, French
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
English, French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
National boundaries
English, French
State Library of Victoria, State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
English, German
State Archives of New South Wales
National boundaries
French
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
French
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German
State Library of South Australia
National boundaries
Japanese
Museums Victoria Collections
National boundaries
Japanese
Museums Victoria Collections
Settlement
English, Dutch
National Archives of Australia, Perth
National boundaries
French
State Library of South Australia
National boundaries
German
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German
State Library of South Australia
National boundaries
French
State Library of New South Wales, State Library of Victoria
National boundaries
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German, French, Latin
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Italian, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
English, French, Greek (Modern)
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Indonesian
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
National boundaries
Japanese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
National boundaries
English, French
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
English, German
State Archives of New South Wales
Settlement
Japanese, English
Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum
National boundaries
Chinese, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German
Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg, Frankfurt am Main
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
French, English
State Library of New South Wales, Bibliothèque nationale de France
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
English, German
Royal Historical Society of Victoria
Settlement
Chinese, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, French
National Archives of Australia, Melbourne
National boundaries
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
German, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
Dutch, English, French
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
French, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Italian, German
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
Chinese, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Chinese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, French, Italian
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
German, English, Tok Pisin
National Library of Australia, State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
French
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Estonian
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Indonesian
National Library of Indonesia
Settlement
English, Norwegian
State Library of Queensland
National boundaries
English, German, Russian
State Library of Victoria
National boundaries
Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic, English
National Museum of Australia
National boundaries
German, English
National Museum of Australia
National boundaries
Japanese, English
Museums Victoria Collections
National boundaries
German
Museums Victoria Collections
National boundaries
French, Dutch
National Museum of Australia
National boundaries
French
National Museum of Australia
National boundaries
German, English
National Museum of Australia
National boundaries
German
Redland Museum
National boundaries
Japanese
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
English, German
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
English, French
National Archives of Australia
Settlement
English, German, Chinese
State Library of Queensland
National boundaries
English, Welsh
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Japanese, English
State Archives of New South Wales
National boundaries
Japanese, English
State Library of Queensland
National boundaries
German, Samoan
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
English, French
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
Japanese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
National boundaries
Czech, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
German
Health Museum of South Australia
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
Indonesian
The University of Sydney
National boundaries
English, Chinese
National Archives of Australia, Brisbane
National boundaries
German, English
National Museum of Australia
National boundaries
Japanese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Western Australia
National boundaries
English, German
Libraries Tasmania
National boundaries
German
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Italian
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Queensland
National boundaries
German, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
English, Welsh
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German
Tasmanian Archives
National boundaries
Chinese, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Chinese, English
National Archives of Australia, Sydney
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
National boundaries
Greek (Modern)
Hellenic Historic & Cultural Centre NSW
Settlement
Greek (Modern), English
Australian National Maritime Museum
Settlement
Greek (Modern)
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
Japanese
National Library of Australia

Newspapers

National boundaries
Greek (Modern)
Dardalis Archives of the Hellenic Diaspora

Images

National boundaries
French
State Library of Victoria
National boundaries
French
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
French
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
French
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
German, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
 
Fairfax Archive
National boundaries
French, Dutch, German
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
French
State Library of Queensland
National boundaries
French, English
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
French
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
German
State Library of Queensland
National boundaries
German, English
National Library of Australia

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