Settlement

Between 1788, when Great Britain established a colony in Port Jackson, and the Federation of the Australian colonies in 1901, settlers brought multiple languages to Australia. Even before that time, French, Dutch and others were mapping out and describing the continent and its region. Some of the languages of the early colonial settlers — Irish- or Scots-Gaelic — survive in very few written records. Others who came to the colonies included enslaved people from Mauritius, French-speaking political convicts, members of the Chinese mining communities, Italian and German farmers and gold miners. These people left accounts of their lives and experiences in multiple forms, from shop-keepers ledgers to letters home, to newspapers, to official appeals to government. The multilingual nature of settlement intensified through subsequent waves of migration in the twentieth century.

From the archive Filter this collection

Settlement
French
National Archives of Australia
Settlement
Japanese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French, German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Italian
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch, English
State Library of Tasmania, Australian National Maritime Museum, National Library of Australia, State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
English, Chinese
Powerhouse Museum
Settlement
Chinese
Powerhouse Museum
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
German, English, Latin
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
Chinese
Powerhouse Museum
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
English, French, Tahitian
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Chinese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
English, Norwegian
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Spanish
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German
State Records of South Australia
Settlement
Italian
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Spanish
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
Yarra Ranges Regional Museum
Settlement
Chinese, English
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia, The University of Sydney
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Swedish
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Welsh
State Library of New South Wales, National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Greek (Modern)
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Spanish, English
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
Northern Territory Library, National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Welsh, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
Chinese
Museum of Chinese Australian History
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Italian, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Chinese
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
English, Chinese
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
English, Italian
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
Tasmanian Archives
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Chinese, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, Chinese
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
English, Chinese
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
Chinese
History Trust of South Australia
Settlement
English, Chinese
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
Chinese, English
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
Chinese, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Russian
Royal Historical Society of Victoria
Settlement
Italian, German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Spanish, English, French, German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
Gold Museum Ballarat
Settlement
French, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Latin
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, French
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French, Spanish, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Spanish
The University of Sydney
Settlement
English, Spanish
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Dutch, English
Northern Territory Library
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch, English
State Library of New South Wales, State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, Welsh
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Japanese
Museums Victoria Collections
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria, State Library of Queensland, State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
Yiddish, English
Jewish Museum of Australia
Settlement
German
University of Adelaide
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German
Northern Territory Library
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
Museums of History New South Wales
Settlement
Tahitian, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
German
Gold Museum Ballarat
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia, Northern Territory Library
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
German
Special Broadcasting Service (Australia)
Settlement
Hebrew, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
Western Australia Museum, Nationaal Archief
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia, State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
Australian National Maritime Museum
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales, State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
University of Adelaide
Settlement
Dutch, English
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
Chinese, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Fijian
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, Greek (Modern)
The University of Sydney
Settlement
French, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German
South Australia Museum
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
Italian
State Library of New South Wales
National boundaries
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Chinese, English
Townsville City Library, State Library of Queensland
Settlement
Japanese
Northern Territory Library
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Portuguese, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Welsh
State Library of New South Wales, National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
Museums of History New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Welsh
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Chinese
National Museum of Australia
Settlement
English, German, Dutch, French, Swedish
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
French, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of Queensland, Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg, Frankfurt am Main
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
Dutch, English
The University of Sydney
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Spanish
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of Western Australia, Libraries and Archives Canada
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Irish
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, Yiddish
Jewish Museum of Australia
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German, English
Archives & History Resources - City of Sydney
Settlement
Japanese
Immigration Museum Victoria
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, Spanish
James Cook University
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, French
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
English, French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia, Libraries Tasmania
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of Western Australia, National Library of Australia
Settlement
Swedish, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia, Libraries Tasmania
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Western Australia, National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
Australian National University
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German, Russian
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia, State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
Libraries Tasmania
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
Italian
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Italian
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German, English, French
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, Chinese
Glen Eira Historical Society
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, Dutch
National Archives of Australia, Perth
Settlement
German, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Portuguese
Powerhouse Museum
Settlement
Chinese
Powerhouse Museum
Settlement
Chinese
Powerhouse Museum
Settlement
French, English
National Archives of Australia, Brisbane
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Chinese
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Japanese
Immigration Museum Victoria
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French, English
Archives & History Resources - City of Sydney
Settlement
French
Archives & History Resources - City of Sydney
Settlement
English, French
Tasmanian Archives
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Danish, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French, Italian, German
Yarra Ranges Regional Museum
Settlement
French
State Library of Tasmania, State Library of Queensland, National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Chinese
Gold Museum Ballarat
Settlement
French
Hunters Hill Historical Society
Settlement
Dutch
State Archives of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales, State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French, English, German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, Latin
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German, French, Latin
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German, French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German, French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
English, French
The University of Sydney
Settlement
Dutch, English
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
English, French, German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
Tasmanian Archives
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, French
The University of Sydney
Settlement
Dutch
State Archives of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, Chinese
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
Italian
CO.AS.IT. Italian Historical Society (IHS), Melbourne
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Japanese, English
Tatura Irrigation & Wartime Camps Museum
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Japanese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, French
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales, Bibliothèque nationale de France
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Chinese, English, Italian
Museums Victoria Collections
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
English, German
Royal Historical Society of Victoria
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Chinese, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Italian
Northern Territory Library
Settlement
Portuguese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of Tasmania, National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Tasmania, National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, French
National Archives of Australia, Melbourne
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia, State Library of Western Australia, Australian National Maritime Museum
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia, Libraries Tasmania
Settlement
Chinese
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Welsh, English
National Library of Australia, National Library of Wales
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
Dutch, English, French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Welsh
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Italian, German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Hungarian, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Chinese, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, French, Italian
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Estonian
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Indonesian
National Library of Indonesia
Settlement
English, French
Deakin University
Settlement
English, Norwegian
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
Hebrew, Latin, English, Greek (Modern)
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, Chinese
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Chinese, English
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Javanese
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Italian
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Italian, Dutch
Northern Territory Library
Settlement
French
Museums of History New South Wales
Settlement
Spanish
Stonnington Library
Settlement
German
National Museum of Australia
Settlement
Italian
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Latin, Portuguese, Spanish, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Chinese, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Chinese, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Italian
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Chinese, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Hebrew
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales, National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Swedish
Northern Territory Library
Settlement
Dutch, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Spanish, Portuguese, Latin
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Japanese
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, Chinese, Greek (Modern)
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Italian
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Italian, English
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
English, French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, German, Chinese
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Chinese
Public Record Office Victoria
Settlement
English, Chinese
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, Spanish
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
French
Newcastle Libraries
Settlement
Hebrew, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Italian, English, French, Latin
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Spanish, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
Spanish, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
Spanish, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
French, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
English, German, French
Archives & History Resources - City of Sydney
Settlement
Dutch
Gemeentearchief Schiedam
National boundaries
Chinese, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, Chinese
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
English, French
State Archives of New South Wales, State Library of Tasmania
Settlement
French, English
State Library of New South Wales, Libraries Tasmania
Settlement
Dutch, French, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Danish
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Dutch
Northern Territory Library
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Archives of New South Wales
Settlement
Swedish
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales, National Library of Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
French
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
Italian
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
German, English
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
French
Libraries Tasmania
Settlement
French
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
French
Australian National Maritime Museum
Settlement
French
Australian National Maritime Museum
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
Australian National Maritime Museum
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia, State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English, French
Monash University
Settlement
Dutch
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
Settlement
German, English
National Museum of Australia
Settlement
English, Welsh
State Library of South Australia
Settlement
German
Tasmanian Archives
Settlement
French, English
State Archives of New South Wales
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German, English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
German, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
English, Italian
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Polish, French, English
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
Dutch
Western Australia Museum, Nationaal Archief
Settlement
Dutch
Western Australia Museum, Nationaal Archief
Settlement
English
National Library of Australia, Archives & History Resources - City of Sydney
Settlement
Greek (Modern)
La Trobe - Greek Archives
Settlement
Greek (Modern)
La Trobe - Greek Archives
Settlement
Greek (Modern), English
Australian National Maritime Museum
Settlement
Greek (Modern)
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Chinese
National Library of Australia
National boundaries
Japanese
Northern Territory Library
Settlement
Chinese, English
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Chinese
National Library of Australia

Images

Settlement
Dutch, French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of Tasmania, National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
French, Spanish
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Danish
State Library of Victoria
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia, National Museum of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
 
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, German
Libraries Tasmania
Settlement
German
Libraries Tasmania
Settlement
 
Fairfax Archive
Settlement
German
State Library of Queensland
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
English
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
Dutch
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French
Australian National Maritime Museum
Settlement
French
National Library of Australia
Settlement
French, German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
National Library of Australia
Settlement
German
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of Western Australia
Settlement
Dutch
State Library of New South Wales
Settlement
French, English
National Museum of Australia
Settlement
French
State Library of New South Wales

Other collections